George Washington Biography

George Washington was a politician and soldier recognized for commanding the troops during the American Revolutionary War and also being the First President of the United States.

Name: George Washington

Born: February 22nd, 1732, Westmoreland, Virginia, United States

Death: December 14th, 1799, Mount Vernon, Virginia, United States

Occupation: Statesman, soldier, and President of the United States (1789 – 1797)

George Washington's Legacy

George Washington was the Commander of the American Revolutionary War, which ended up liberating the 13 Colonies from Great Britain and founding the United States. He became recognized in his early ages for his bravery and strategic skills in the army and later in life as a thoughtful leader, avoiding conflicts with the major global powers and setting the constitutional and commercial bases of the new country.

He is one of the Founding Fathers of the United States along with prominent figures like Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, John Adams, John Jay, and Thomas Jefferson.

22 George Washington's Life Events

1George Washington was born in Westmoreland, Virginia, British America, February 22nd, 1732. First son of Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington, a relatively wealthy family who owned a tobacco plantation.

2He was only 11 when his father died of a sudden illness in April 1743. During the following years, he worked hard with his mother to maintain the family’s plantation.

3At age 17, George Washington started working as a land surveyor thanks to his friend George William Fairfax, giving him invaluable experience in the field and also an accurate knowledge of many profitable lands, which he would end up buying.

4George traveled with his brother Lawrence Washington to Barbados wishing the island’s climate had a positive effect on his brother’s health, who had tuberculosis. However, Lawrence died when they returned and George contracted smallpox during the trip.

5George was appointed by the new lieutenant governor of Virginia Robert Dinwiddie as Adjutant of the South Virginia district created after his brother’s Lawrence death. Lawrence served before he dies as the Adjutant General of Virginia.

6He joined the colonial militia for the French and Indian War, which was part of a larger one called the Seven Years’ War, which took place all over the world where there was British and French influence. George Washington was 23.

7Washington was commanded by the Governor to deliver a letter to the French so they would peacefully retire from the Ohio Valley. This trip was famously remembered since Washington wrote a diary which was later published, giving him recognition.

8In 1755, Washington became senior American aide to General Edward Braddock and they were sent to expel the French from Ohio in an expedition. During the expedition, the French attacked them and Braddock was badly injured. When the General died, Washington reunited the remaining men and organized them into a retreat, saving them.

926-year-old George Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a rich widow, and established in Mount Vernon, Virginia. This allowed him to become the owner of more than 18,000 acres of land.

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0In between wars, he returned to his inherited tobacco plantation, selling the produce to the British, but he was in debt and, since the tobacco industry was controlled and taxed by the British, he decided to switch to wheat. Through technical advances like fertilizers and crop rotation (relatively new), he manages to pay his debts.

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1He was elected to the Virginia provincial legislature in 1758, as a Frederick County representative in the House of Burgesses, and held office for the next 7 years.

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2He started antagonizing with the British and criticized Britain’s taxation and mercantilist policies. In 1769 he presented a legislation to ban imports from Great Britain and by 1774 he was one of the most prominent figures supporting the colonial independence, being a delegate to the first Continental Congress.

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3George Washington was appointed as the Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, in which the 13 Colonies fought against Britain to achieve their independence.

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4In 1776 George Washington successfully commands his troops and forced the British out of Boston but couldn’t defeat them in New York, which was heavily guarded.

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5In 1780, he allied with 5,000 French to fight against the British. Even though he was defeated in combat several times, he was able to turn bad situations into advantages thanks to strategic use of espionage and misinformation.

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6Winter came and Washington crossed the Delaware River, defeated the British in Trenton and Princeton, retook New Jersey, and captured big armies at Saratoga (1777) and Yorktown (1781).

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71787 he attended the Constitutional Convention that will write the Constitution of the United States. Washington objected the fact that the Constitution created a centralized weak government, but the Constitution was approved by all 13 states anyway.

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8Two years later, in 1789, George Washington was elected the first Constitutional President of the United States with the totality of the electoral votes.

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9His first term allowed him to focus on domestic issues; for instance, the states of North Carolina and Rhode Island hadn’t formally joined the Union. Also, there were a few men serving the army and there was no navy at all. He worked with important figures like Samuel Osgood, Edmund Randolph, Henry Knox, and James Madison.

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0In 1790 he founded a whiskey distillery that produced over 1,000 gallons a month. Most of the time from 1790 to 1798 he took care of his businesses and lands, trying to sell some of them do to lack of production.

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1In 1798 he was commissioned by President John Adams to become Commander-in-chief of the armed forces since the Americans foresaw an armed conflict with France. Nevertheless, during Washington’s leadership of the armed forces, a war didn’t happen.

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2On December 12th, 1799, George Washington spent most of the time out in his plantation and got sick. The next two days he was treated by doctors due to his inability to breathe properly, yet on December 14th, the doctors weren’t able to perform a tracheotomy and he died around 10pm.

9 George Washington's Interesting Facts

1Due to his father’s death, George Washington didn’t receive the same education as his older brothers. He received informal education from various tutors and he later entered an Anglican school near Fredericksburg.

2Tanacharison, an Iroquois Native American Chief also called Half-king, met Washington during one of his expeditions and named him “Town Destroyer” because of Washington’s grandfather, John Washington, who was in charge of suppressing a Native American uprising in Virginia and Maryland. Curiously, in 1779 during the American Revolutionary War, George Washington ordered the Sullivan Expedition, which would end up destroying 40 Iroquois villages in New York, making honor to his nickname.

3George Washington had a romantic interest in a woman called Sally Fairfax, who was married to George William Fairfax, his closest friend. Although Washington sent some famous love letters to Sally, she seemed to not have any interest in him.

4George Washington enjoyed hunting, going to parties, the theater, horse races, and cockfighting, as well as other activities like billiards, backgammon, and cards.

5After the war was won and Britain recognizes the independence of the United States in 1783, the locals wanted to elect George Washington as king. However, he knew the new country needed a different political system and didn’t allow it.

6During his presidency he knew everything he did would set a precedent for future Presidents, both in simple things, like deciding to receive a salary, and important things like not running for a third presidential term. Also, he witnessed the creation of the first political parties, the federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton and the democratic-republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson.

7He commissioned and oversaw the surveying of the lands that would be the permanent seat of the Government, lands that would be named “The City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia” in his honor.

8In foreign affairs, George Washington maintained neutrality when the French Revolution started and he was able to sign a treaty with the British to avoid a future armed conflict and boost trade, which brought stability to the new nation.

9He wanted to retire when his first term came to an end but he was reelected for a second term.

george washington

Related Historical Figures

1692
Robert Dinwiddie
1694
Augustine Washington
1695
Edward Braddock
1700
Tanacharison
1706
Benjamin Franklin
1708
Mary Ball Washington
1718
Lawrence Washington
1729
George William Fairfax
1731
Martha Dandridge Custis
1735
Sally Fairfax
1735
John Adams
1743
Thomas Jefferson
1745
John Jay
1747
Samuel Osgood
1750
Henry Knox
1751
James Madison
1753
Edmund Randolph
1757
Alexander Hamilton

George Washington's Images

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