John Adams was a lawyer and politician who served as the Second President of the United States.
Name: John Adams
Born: October 30, 1735, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
Death: July 4, 1826, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
Occupation: Statesman, lawyer and President of the United States (1797 – 1801)
Jhon Adams' Legacy
John Adams was one of the founding fathers of the United States and promoter of the independence along with George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, John Jay, and Thomas Jefferson. He signed the Paris Agreement with England, which put an end to the American Revolutionary War, and his previous works writing the Massachusetts Constitution were the inspiration for the United States Constitution.
His biggest achievements were the resolution of the Quasi-war, a conflict with France that could have potentially destroyed the newly created country and the creation of the US Navy.
16 Jhon Adams' Life Events
1John Adams was born on October 30, 1735, in Quincy, Massachusetts, as the first son of John Adams Sr. and Susanna Boylston.
2He started his education at age 6 at a Dame School (a type of school that was located at the teacher’s home) and then he entered the Braintree Latin School.
3In 1751, when he turned 16, Adams entered Harvard and received a Bachelor of Arts degree. However, he hadn’t decided what to do with his life, so he started teaching in a school in the meantime. He later decided to become a lawyer.
4He started his practice in 1756 with the lawyer John Putnam in Worcester, and 2 years later he received a Master in Arts degree from Harvard, being admitted to the Massachusetts Bar in 1759.
5John Adams acquired recognition thanks to his work in constitutional law. He defended 6 British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre, who indeed killed the protesters, however, Adams insisted the soldiers needed a fair trial and in the end, with the help of Adams, the verdict was favorable to them.
6On October 25, 1764, he married his third cousin Abigail Smith. They had 6 children, including the 6th President of the United States, John Quincy Adams.
7Adams was elected to the Braintree city council thanks to his knowledge of the historical law and well-developed oratory skills.
8He represented Massachusetts during the first and second Continental Congress, in which he helped writing the new country’s Constitution. It was based on the Massachusetts Constitution that he wrote in 1780.
9From 1775 to 1777 he was appointed to be the Chief Judge of the Massachusetts Supreme Court but he never got around to serve in this position.
0In 1776, during the second Continental Congress, he urged the other states to declare independence and during the independence war, John Adams served as the head of the Board of War and Ordnance where he coordinated the equipping and fielding of the army.
1He traveled to France in a diplomatic mission in 1777, accompanied by Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, in a somewhat troubled trip where the crew not only sorted the British navy but the terrible weather.
2From 1780 to 1785 he was appointed as ambassador in Holland, where he ensured the country recognized the new government in the US and also secured a loan from the bankers Nicolaas van Staphorst and Wilhelm Willink.
3After Holland, John Adams was appointed to be the ambassador in Great Britain and upon his return, he was nominated for the presidency of the US. However, George Washington was really popular and won by a large margin; Adams came in second place, becoming the vice president for the term 1789 – 1796.
4In 1796 he was nominated for the presidency and became the second President of the United States for the period 1797 – 1801, with Thomas Jefferson as vice president.
5He ran for reelection in 1800 but lost to his Federalist rival, Thomas Jefferson. He retired from politics and lived in his home in Quincy, Massachusetts.
6John Adams died of old age on July 4 in his house in Quincy, 1826. His son, John Quincy Adams was president when this happened.
11 Jhon Adams' Interesting Facts
1John Adams wrote about politics and his insights until 1763 in different Boston newspapers, using the pseudonym “Humphrey Ploughjogger”.
2Adams was briefly retained by the owners of the Dartmouth, a ship full of tea heading to England. The destruction of the tea by protesters in the Boston Harbor (which came to be known as the Boston Tea Party) had a strong response from the British, event known as the beginning of the American Revolution.
3John Adams defended the separation of powers in his Thoughts on Government writing of 1776. In it, the 3 branches (Executive, Legislative and Judicial) should act independently from one another.
4Adams was one of the founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1780.
5During his term as president, Adams signed the infamous Alien and Sedition Acts, which were basically four laws that prevented people to criticize the Government; this acts made him hugely unpopular since it violated the constitution’s first amendment, and even his friend Thomas Jefferson opposed him.
6Despite all of the opposition he faced, both from his Federalist political opponents and the radical wing of his own party (Democratic-Republican), he was able to command the creation of the US Navy and a regular army for the country.
7Adams accelerated the creation of the navy thanks to the Quasi-war, a non-declared armed conflict with France. Nonetheless, he was able to avoid the escalation through diplomacy and, with the triumph of the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804, the conflict ended peacefully.
8Even though the people was willing to fight against France, Adams’ stubbornness, a trait he had since he was a child, may have saved the United States from a devastating war with the most powerful empire at the time.
9John Adams was the first president to live in the White House.
0As an anecdote, it is said that Adams’ last words were “Thomas Jefferson Lives”; he was unaware that Jefferson had died several hours before.
1John Adams never bought or owned a slave, and was firmly against this practice even though it was common ground at the time, mostly in the south. The Massachusetts Constitution, which he wrote, allowed the abolition of slavery in the state long before the whole country adopted it.